The 10 Rules of Golf you should be taking advantage of to shoot lower scores.

You hear it all the time when you’re watching golf broadcasts on TV. A player whose ball is in a seemingly awkward spot asks to speak to a rules official about the situation and what options he or she can take. Suddenly, the player is getting relief, and viewers at home are wondering what’s going on. Commentators then explain that the players aren’t doing anything suspect or improper. Rather, they’re taking advantage of the fact that they have a thorough understanding of the rules and know there are certain instances when they can benefit from them.

Indeed, while you might not believe it after watching your tee shot clank off a sprinkler head and bounce out-of-bounds, the Rules of Golf often can be your friend. It’s especially true since several major rule changes went into effect in 2019, when the R&A and USGA modernised the rules book to help simplify the language and make it easier to understand and apply.

How can you take better advantage of the Rules of Golf? Here are 10 easy ways they can help you shoot lower scores.

1. You can ground your club in penalty areas. This was one of the biggest changes in the rules in 2019. You can now step into a penalty area (think water hazards) and take a few practice swings that touch the ground. You can’t, of course, do anything to improve your lie, but you can get a better feel for how to play your next shot. You still might decide to take relief outside the area (adding a penalty stroke), but this new rule invites you to take more chances of advancing a ball without penalty.

2. You also can remove loose impedi-ments in penalty areas. You’re allowed to clear those pesky stones away that might ding your wedge as you try to pitch out of trouble. Just remember that it’s a penalty if your ball moves as a result of removing a loose impediment, so proceed carefully.

3. You can remove stones before playing a bunker shot. So long as you don’t move your ball, it’s OK to move any loose impediments in the sand. No more worrying about turning a small stone into a ballistic missile.

4. You get free relief for an embedded ball in the rough. Before 2019, if your ball plugged in grass that wasn’t cut to fairway height or lower, you either had to try to hack it out or take an unplayable lie (and add a penalty stroke). If you’re playing on a rainy, muddy day, this new rule might come into play several times.

5. You can improve the conditions affecting your next stroke when fairly searching for a ball. Do you like to play golf in autumn? You might find your ball under a pile of leaves. There’s no penalty if the ball moves when searching for it (just replace it), and there’s no penalty if removing the leaves by the ball results in better conditions for your next shot. This includes a ball resting in a penalty area.

6. You can re-tee after a stroke if your ball stays in the teeing area. You’re probably too good a golfer to apply this rule, but let’s say your “friend” makes a stroke and nearly airswings, causing the ball to fall off the tee. If that ball stays in the teeing area, your friend can re-tee it without penalty. The teed ball can even be moved to another spot in the teeing area, and the golfer can play his or her second shot from there. But if it rolls ahead of the tee markers, play it as it lies.

7. You don’t have to play from a bunker. Again, you’re probably too good to need this rule, but some golfers would spend the better part of the day trying to hit a ball from the sand. To save time – and perhaps a stroke or two – they can drop outside the bunker based on a reference line that extends straight back from the hole through the spot of the original ball in the sand. They can drop as far back on that line as they want, but this option comes with a two-stroke penalty.

8. You can make practice strokes next to your ball on a putting green without fear. If you accidentally hit your ball on the green with a practice stroke, causing it to move, there is no penalty. Just put it back and play on. The same holds true if you accidentally caused it to move in any other way.

9. You can repair nearly any damage on the green. This includes damage from cleats or spikes that might impact the line of your putt. The only exceptions are aeration holes, natural surface imperfections or natural wear of the hole. Your ball deserves a truer roll.

10. You might not have to reload after hitting it out-of-bounds. This is a Local Rule, so check first if it’s being used by your club, group, course, etc. – it’s meant for casual play. If it’s in effect, you can now drop a ball on the edge of the fairway, no closer to the hole, on a direct line from where your shot went out-of-bounds. If you go with this option instead of reloading, add two shots to your score. That means if you hit a tee shot OB, you’d now be hitting your fourth from the edge of the fairway instead of having to hit your third from the tee. It can save time and possibly a shot or two.